How does blackjack work?
The game is quite easy to learn; it is played with six 52 packs of French playing cards. The object of the game is to get closer to 21 than the dealer with two or more cards without exceeding 21.
- If the value of your cards is exactly 21, you win regardless of the dealer’s cards and receive a payout of approximately 3:2 which means you win 1.5 times your bet.
- When the value of your cards exceeds 21, you lose your bet.
- You will receive a 1:1 payout if the value of your cards exceeds the dealer’s hand but is less than 21.
- If the value of the dealer’s and the player’s cards are equal, your bet is returned.
So, you play against the dealer and not against the other players! Each card has a certain point value.
- Aces can be either 11 or 1, depending on the player’s choice.
- Face cards such as Queen, Jack or King have a value of 10.
- All other cards are scored according to their number on the front.
Restrictions for the dealer
In blackjack, all players can play their hands in any way they like. However, the dealer is subject to restrictions that force him to follow certain rules for each hand. These rules are as follows:
- If the dealer’s hand has a total of 16 or less, the dealer must draw more cards until he either reaches a total of 17-21 or overbuy by exceeding 21.
- If the dealer’s total hand is 17 or higher, he must choose “Stand” and may not draw anymore cards.
- Dealer restrictions may vary depending on the casino, but these rules are considered standard. It is therefore important to inquire about the dealer’s restrictions before starting to play in a new casino.
Online Bitcoin Blackjack
At the blackjack table is the dealer who presents the table and the players opposite him (a maximum of seven players are allowed). Before each game begins, the bets are placed in the designated boxes. Wagers generally vary, depending on the casino’s requirements regarding the minimum and maximum of the respective bet. After the bets are placed, the dealer starts dealing the cards. Each player and the dealer are first dealt two cards; the first cards are dealt face down, the dealer’s second card remaining face down until all bets are placed. This face down card is also called a “hole”.
First, the player must decide whether he wants more cards until he thinks he is close enough to 21 (hit) or wants no more cards (stand). However, if you exceed 21 points with your cards, you have overbought and lose the game (bust). In this case, the player’s bet is withdrawn by the dealer.
When all players are served, the dealer will turn the hole card face down. If the dealer has reached 17 or more points with his cards, he must stop and may not draw anymore cards. If he has reached 16 points or less, he must draw another card (hit). However, if he exceeds 21 points (bust), he has lost and won the players automatically. If the player has the same score as the dealer, it is considered a draw (push) and no one wins or loses the hand. Otherwise, only players whose total card value is closer to 21 than the value of the dealer’s cards win. The player thus receives a prize equal to the amount of his bet (1 to 1 or even money). However, if a player has a blackjack but not the dealer, he receives a 3 to 2 win.
The following options are available to the player during the game:
- Double bets: After the first two cards, the player can double his original bet. However, he may only receive ONE additional card.
- Split: Two cards of the same value can be split. Double the original bet and split the cards into two hands. Duplication is also possible after splitting.
- Insurance: This option is available to the player if the dealer shows an Ace as his face-up punch card before checking for a Blackjack. In this case, the player can take out insurance for half of his bet if he is convinced that the dealer’s face down card is a 10. If the dealer has Blackjack, the player wins 2 to 1, if the dealer has no Black Jack, the insurance bet is lost and the game continues.
- Surrender: Some online casinos offer this option to the player after the first two cards are dealt and if the dealer does not have Blackjack, you can fold against half the bet. Players should only use this option if the two cards are really very bad. Otherwise, with a 25% chance of winning, you are much better off than losing half the stake.
Blackjack takes a lot of practice until you master it so well that you leave the casino as a winner. It’s a long way from there. But with the following tips and tricks you will improve your gut feeling a bit.
- If you get a pair of 8s or aces, split them up. Two eighths make 16, and that’s the worst constellation you can have.
- a pair of tens makes 20. That’s a good hand to stop taking chances with. You should never split 10s in blackjack.
- If your hand is worth 17 or more, it’s risky to take a card because you can easily overbuy yourself.
- Don’t even think about buying insurance! The insurance bet only helps the house and you pay on it.
- You should always take a card when you have a hand with a value of 11 or less, because you can’t overbuy.
Never follow the “rules of the dealer”. The dealers must pull 16 and stop at 17. You don’t have to follow this rule. Do not think that the dealer and the player have equal rights. If both the player and the dealer overbuy, the dealer wins anyway. Therefore, this rule does not work for the player, only for the dealer.
Blackjack Terms and Expressions
- Blackjack: is the name of the game, but also refers to a starting hand that has the perfect total value of 21 (also known as natural blackjack).
- Bust (Overbuy): means that a hand exceeds the total value of 21, causing the game and the bet to be lost.
- Dealer: refers, of course, to the employee of the casino who deals the cards, pays winnings and collects bets from players who have lost.
- Double Down: is a Blackjack move in which the player draws another card and doubles his bet. Find out more about Double Down here.
- Hit: is the term used to draw another card that is added to the cards of the current hand.
- Footing: is the opposite of hit in blackjack and means that the player does not want to draw a long card.
- Hard Hand: denotes a hand that does not contain an ace.
- Soft Hand: is the opposite of the hard hand and refers to a hand that contains an ace.
- Insurance: If the dealer’s face up card is an Ace, the player may choose to be “insured”. This is a bet that the dealer’s face down card is worth 10, completing the Blackjack (see detailed insurance explanation above). Find out more about insurance here.
- Push or Tie: A draw between the player and the dealer, where both play the same total (17 or higher). Nobody wins and the players get their bet back.
- Split: If the first two cards have the same value, the player can place a second bet equal to his first and split the pair. He uses the two cards as the first card of a separate hand (you can read more about Split here).
- Surrender (Abandon): An option that is available to the player at certain tables and where half of the bet is abandoned before the dealer checks whether he has won Blackjack. The player loses only half of the original bet if the dealer has Blackjack.
Now its time for the next Blackjack level – strategies.